Nine Elements of digital divide
There are nine elements that have been identified that make up the concept of digital citizenship. Digital citizenship can be defined as the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use.
1. Digital Access: (full electronic participation in society) Technology users need to be aware that not everyone has the same opportunities when it comes to technology. Working towards equal digital rights and supporting electronic access is the starting point of digital Citizenship.
2. Digital Commerce: (electronic buying and selling of goods) Technology users need to understand that a large share of market economy is being done electronically. Legitimate and legal exchanges are occurring, but the buyer or seller needs to be aware of the issues associated with it.
3. Digital Communication: (electronic exchange of information) One of the significant changes within the digital revolution is a person’s ability to communicate with other people. In the 19th century, forms of communication were limited.
4. Digital Literacy: (Is a process of teaching and learning about technology and use of technology) While schools have made great progress in the area of technology infusion ,much remains to be done. A renewable focus should be made on what technologies must be taught as well as how it should be used to the kids. New technologies are finding their ways into the work place that are not being used at school. EG Videoconferencing.
5. Digital Etiquette: (electronic standards of conducts and deeds) technology users basically see this area as one most pressing problems when dealing with digital citizenship. We recognize unappropriated behavior when we see it , but before people use technology they do not learn digital etiquette.
6. Digital Law: (Electronic responsibility for actions and deeds) Digital law deals with the ethics of technology within a society. Unethical use manifests itself in form of theft and/or crime. Ethical use manifests itself in form of abiding by the laws of society. Users need to understand that stealing or causing damage to others peoples work, identity, or property online is a crime.
7. Digital Rights & Responsibilities: (Those freedoms extended to everyone in digital world) Just as in America Constitution where there is a bill of rights, there is a basic set of rights extended to every digital citizenship. Digital citizenship have the right to privacy, free speech, etc. Basic digital rights must be addressed, discussed, and understood in the digital world.
8. Digital Health & Wellness: (Physical and Psychological Well-being in a digital technology world)Eye safety, repetitive stress, stress syndrome, and sound ergonomic practices are issues that need to be addressed in a new technological word. Beyond the physical issues are those of the psychological issues that are becoming more prevalent such as internet addiction.
9. Digital Security (self-protection): (electronic precautions to guarantee safety).
In any society, there are individuals who steal, deface, or disrupt other people. The same is true for the digital community. It is not enough to trust other members in the community for our own safety. In our own homes, we put locks on our doors and fire alarms in our houses to provide some level of protection.
The digital divide impact on social capital and the ramifications
Social capital is ”the collective value of all social network and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each other. The central premise of social capital is that social network have value.
The social impact on the digital divide has social capital and is about specific benefits that are achieved from the use of social networks, such as reciprocity, trust, co-operation and information essentially it creates values for people who are connected to each other.